The "pursuit of happiness" is not confined to one corner of the globe. Alternatively, perhaps you simply … For instance, happiness in an individualistic culture like the United States may be defined in highly self-oriented ways, whereas happiness in collectivist cultures found in regions such as East Asia may be defined in terms of social engagement. (2016). Don Dodge, a current Google employee shows how thorough Google is with each applicant. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(6), 1069. Thus, the Chinese think less often about how happy and satisfying their lives are compared to Americans, while the Japanese traditionally hold a hesitant attitude towards happiness. Get the help you need from a therapist near you–a FREE service from Psychology Today. Innocence, the lifeblood of happiness, is obsolete. Ford and colleagues (2015) (PDF, 114KB) had undergraduates from four different cultures that vary along the individualistic to collectivist continuum (United States, Germany, Russia, East Asia) complete surveys that assessed well-being, motivation to pursue happiness, and the extent to which happiness was defined in socially engaged ways. View more articles in the Basic / Experimental Psychology topic area. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15(3), 717-735. As the post-Christmas credit card bills roll in, most of us would say that a little more money wouldn’t go amiss. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 653-663. In Diener, E., & Suh, E.M. People across cultures consider happiness as one of their most cherished personal goals. That’s equal to 6,849 per day and about 5 per minute – and Google reviews each one. The differences may be subtle. One of the gifts of cross-cultural travel is the glimpse into other ways of happiness. Psychology Today contributing blogger Marianna Pogosyan, Ph.D., writes about how our culture affects happiness. APA Journals Article Spotlight® is a free summary of recently published articles in an APA Journal. Oishi, S., & Gilbert, E.A. (2007). The light and dark sides of positive emotion (pp. (2011). (2013). Future studies should investigate how personality effects happiness and how individuals deal with affective disorders. Of course, these results do not elucidate causal relationships, and although only undergraduate students were tested to control for effects of socioeconomic status and age, these factors may prove to be important mediating factors. Yet, with a deepened intimacy with a culture comes the recognition that happiness — an emotion that many theorists consider the most universal of emotions — has its own distinct connotations and circumstances when observed through a different cultural lens. Elfenbein, H.A., & Ambady, N. (2002). Cross-cultural convergence has also been reported in appraisal mechanisms, with similar circumstances around the world appearing to make us joyful, including situations and events that are pleasant, conducive to our goals, needs, and desires, and those that elicit our internal attributions. Thomas P. Whitney and Harry Willets. Research has pointed a few road-signs towards its direction, including positive social engagement, self-acceptance, as well as focusing on other important contributors to well-being such as meaning and purpose. Perhaps, then, while we court happiness like a capricious lover or wait for it (im)patiently to arrive like a fortuitous dinner guest, we could recognize the mediating role of the self between our cultures and our well-being, keeping in mind the saying: If you want to be happy, be. How Narcissists Keep Their Mates From Leaving or Cheating, A Science-Based Technique for Coping With Stress, Psychology Today © 2020 Sussex Publishers, LLC, ADHD and COVID: Update on Findings and Coping Strategies, Want Your New Year’s Resolutions to Stick? Oxford Paperbacks. Within the framework of psychological research on happiness, a happy person is characterized as someone who “has pleasant feelings most of the time and feels satisfied with his/her life overall” (Oishi & Gilbert, 2016, p. 54). Suh, E. (2000). For instance, researchers have observed that in certain languages, including Polish, Russian, German, and French, happiness conjures up states and conditions that are more rare compared to English. Worldviews depend on culture more than on politicians. Tolstoy, L. (1998). Happiness can also be due in part to giving back to the people and community around you, adopting a growth mindset during challenging times … In many cases of … Solzhenitsyn, A. — Aristotle. This relationship is stronger if we’re talking about well-being as life satisfaction. In Swedish, the word being used to express happiness is actually quite simple. On the universality and cultural specificity of emotion recognition: a meta-analysis. At any cost, only you can find your own happiness. (2012). MIT Press. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66(2), 310-328. Emotion, 12, 908-912. There is a lot that we share when it comes to our experience of happiness. One’s happiness is influenced just as much by culture as it does by our goals and personalities. Happiness also depends upon the quality of the political, economic, legal and social systems in which we operate. An essay concerning human understanding. And is commonly associated with lower well-being cultural contexts, the lifeblood of happiness predicts higher or lower.! We need air these illnesses effect what the individuals deems as happiness experience of it is! 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